There are various types of security cameras two of which are PTZ and Rotating Security Cameras. A PTZ camera is generally thought of as a security camera with pan, tilt, and zoom functionality, and a rotating security camera has practically the same functionalities as PTZ without the Z or the zoom functionality.

While both security camera types seem to possess extreme similarities, there are small differences of great significance, which depend on the purpose the security camera needs to achieve.

Rotating Security Cameras
For indoor location that are of a moderate size, like a home or other private spaces, rotating security cameras are ideal. Its functionality of panning and tilting can be done manually or through an app on a smartphone or tablet.

PTZ vs Rotating Security Cameras 1

Panning allows the camera to swirl to the left and right, increasing the area of coverage horizontally up a complete 360-degree coverage. Tilting on the other hand, allows the camera to move up and down, expanding the range of coverage vertically up to 180 degrees. The range of pan and tilt varies by security camera.

PTZ are ideal for large areas such as car parks, businesses, schools, sports’ fields and so on. However, whether they are used in the home or commercial/public spaces, the freedom of movement that PTZ offer allow individuals to keep a watch over almost the entire surface of the area.

PTZ security cameras can be manually controlled via an app or a monitoring software that will automatically move the camera to user-determined areas based on a schedule. If the camera has motion detection, then it will automatically move,  bringing the source of the movement into its field of view.

PTZ security cameras have the panning and tilting functionalities mentioned above, but also provide a zooming functionality, which adjusts the security camera’s lens by zooming in and out to enhance the image quality and provide an individual with greater detail of the event in question. Speaking of image quality, everyone must have used the app Zoom at least once in their lifetime. And for them, they’d be excited to know that there are some exclusive zoom backgrounds that they can put on while video conferencing.

What’s the Appeal?

PTZ and rotating cameras offer an extension on the functionalities and flexibilities of regular security cameras (alerts, night vision, audio, etc). PTZ and rotating cameras are often combined with fixed security cameras, particularly when used in a large area.

The fixed security cameras may monitor locations like entrances, key areas in question or with heightened potential for events, while the rotating or PTZ security cameras may capture general information as they tilt and pan – with PTZ also being able to provide higher detailed images as it zooms on an object or an event.

Rotating cameras and PTZ come in various styles and are often suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. Rotating cameras are often known for their high-speed panning and tilting which allows one camera to monitor a relatively wide area, while also reducing or eliminating the blind spot completely.

As we summarize the key features of these two security camera types, keep in mind the purpose for which the security camera will be used:
> PTZ tend to be larger in size compared to rotating and traditional cameras.
> PTZ cameras are also heavier and carry more bulk.
> Rotating cameras have pan and tilt, but no zoom functionality, while PTZ is equipped with all three.
> Rotating and PTZ cameras offer manual and automatic controls.
> Rotating security cameras are ideal for homes or other moderate size private areas.
> PTZ cameras are more popular in larger spaces and outdoors.
> PTZ camera’s zoom function may be compromised with the result of blurry images.
> A quality PTZ camera should have an automated focus to avoid blurry images when zooming on an event.
> Both camera types can be combined with other camera types for enhanced video surveillance.
> PTZ cameras tend to be higher in price when compared to rotating security cameras.
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